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Hoss, Florian; El-Mahdy, Karim; Linsenmann, Robert; Franz, Christian W. and Nolte, Dirk (2021): Primary tooth autotransplantation: update and retrospective clinical study. In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, Vol. 79, No. 8: pp. 582-592

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Objective A new technique of primary tooth autotransplantation has recently been published demonstrating reliable replacement of missing permanent incisors in young children due to trauma or agenesis. This retrospective clinical study reports on the longterm success of this new technique in a larger patient group regarding its potential to support bone and soft tissue growth. Study design 40 children (age range: 2.7-17.6 years) received 53 primary tooth autotransplants (49 canines and 4 incisors) due to traumatic tooth loss (73%), agenesis (19%) or dysplasia/displacement (8%). Clinical and radiological follow-up examinations were performed to check up on root resorption, bone and soft tissue growth, survival and success. Results 22 transplants still present in the oral cavity of 18 patients yielded a success rate of 77%. The Kaplan-Meier estimator measured a median survival time of 86 months (7.2 years) for all 53 grafts. In all cases, increasing soft tissue and bone development enabled a successful prosthetic rehabilitation regarding aesthetics and function. Conclusions Primary tooth autotransplantation reliably restores edentulous anterior space in children experiencing traumatic tooth loss or agenesis and acts as an immediate therapy before other therapies such as premolar transplantation or orthodontic space closure can be carried out at a later time. It guarantees the co-development of soft tissue and bone in the teenage jaw which is associated with high patient satisfaction and acceptance of this method.

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