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Huflage, Henner; Luetkens, Karsten Sebastian; Kunz, Andreas Steven; Conrads, Nora; Jakubietz, Rafael Gregor; Jakubietz, Michael Georg; Pennig, Lenhard; Goertz, Lukas; Bley, Thorsten Alexander; Schmitt, Rainer and Grunz, Jan-Peter (2021): Improved diagnostic accuracy for ulnar-sided TFCC lesions with radial reformation of 3D sequences in wrist MR arthrography. In: European Radiology, Vol. 31, No. 12: pp. 9399-9407

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Objectives Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) injuries frequently cause ulnar-sided wrist pain and can induce distal radioulnar joint instability. With its complex three-dimensional structure, diagnosis of TFCC lesions remains a challenging task even in MR arthrograms. The aim of this study was to assess the added diagnostic value of radial reformatting of isotropic 3D MRI datasets compared to standard planes after direct arthrography of the wrist. Methods Ninety-three patients underwent wrist MRI after fluoroscopy-guided multi-compartment arthrography. Two radiologists collectively analyzed two datasets of each MR arthrogram for TFCC injuries, with one set containing standard reconstructions of a 3D thin-slice sequence in axial, coronal and sagittal orientation, while the other set comprised an additional radial plane view with the rotating center positioned at the ulnar styloid. Surgical reports (whenever available) or radiological reports combined with clinical follow-up served as a standard of reference. In addition, diagnostic confidence and assessability of the central disc and ulnar-sided insertions were subjectively evaluated. Results Injuries of the articular disc, styloid and foveal ulnar attachment were present in 20 (23.7%), 10 (10.8%) and 9 (9.7%) patients. Additional radial planes increased diagnostic accuracy for lesions of the styloid (0.83 vs. 0.90;p = 0.016) and foveal (0.86 vs. 0.94;p = 0.039) insertion, whereas no improvement was identified for alterations of the central cartilage disc. Readers' confidence (p < 0.001) and assessability of the ulnar-sided insertions (p < 0.001) were superior with ancillary radial reformatting. Conclusions Access to the radial plane view of isotropic 3D sequences in MR arthrography improves diagnostic accuracy and confidence for ulnar-sided TFCC lesions.

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