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Ilie, Nicoleta; Schmalz, Gottfried; Fujioka-Kobayashi, Masako; Lussi, Adrian and Price, Richard Bengt (2021): Correlation of the mechanical and biological response in light-cured RBCs to receiving a range of radiant exposures: Effect of violet light. In: Journal of Dentistry, Vol. 105, 103568

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Objective: This study correlates the mechanical and biological response of commercially available resin-based composites (RBCs) to clinically relevant light-curing conditions. Methods: Two RBCs (Venus and Venus Pearl;Kulzer) that use different monomer and photo-initiator systems, but have a similar filler volume and shade, were exposed to either just blue light, or violet and blue light from two different LCUs (Translux Wave and Translux 2Wave;Kulzer). Distance and exposure times were adjusted so that both LCUs delivered 5 similar levels of radiant exposures (RE) between 1.5 J/cm(2) -25 J/cm(2) in the blue wavelength range. Thus, the violet light was additional light. The top and bottom of 2-mm thick specimens were subjected to a depth-sensing indentation test (Martens hardness/HM, Vickers hardness/HV, indentation modulus/YHU, mechanical work/Wtotal, plastic deformation work/Wplas, creep/Cr). The viability of human gingival fibroblasts was assessed after three days of exposure to RBC eluates. One and multiple-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), the Tukey honestly significant difference (HSD) post-hoc tests (alpha = 0.05), t-test and a Spearman correlation analysis were used. Results: As the RE increased, the mechanical properties increased at a greater rate at the top compared to the bottom of the RBCs. Values measured at the bottom of 2-mm increments approached the values measured at the top only when RE 25 J/cm(2) of blue light was delivered. Toxicity decreased with RE and elution cycles and was lower for Venus Pearl. Within one RE level, addition of violet light resulted in significantly improved properties (in 131 out of 150 comparisons, p < 0.05). This effect was stronger for Venus Pearl. There was a good correlation between mechanical and biological parameters. This correlation decreased as the number of eluates increased. Clinical significance: The mechanical and biological response to variation in RE is interrelated. The addition of violet light has a positive effect, particularly at low RE.

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