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Jackisch, Christian; Barcenas, Carlos H.; Bartsch, Rupert; Di Palma, Jack; Glueck, Stefan; Harbeck, Nadia; Macedo, Guilherme; O'Shaughnessy, Joyce; Pistilli, Barbara; Ruiz-Borrego, Manuel and Rugo, Hope S. (2021): Optimal Strategies for Successful Initiation of Neratinib in Patients with HER2-Positive Breast Cancer. In: Clinical Breast Cancer, Vol. 21, No. 5, E575-E583

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Neratinib is an irreversible, pan-human epidermal growth factor inhibitor that has shown efficacy across human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer settings. Neratinib is indicated for use as extended adjuvant therapy for HER2-positive early-stage breast cancer or, in combination with capecitabine, in the treatment of HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer. The primary tolerability concern with neratinib is diarrhea, and severe diarrhea early in treatment can lead to a substantial proportion of patients discontinuing neratinib, which may lead to reduced or nonexistent efficacy. In order to establish a set of treatment recommendations for use of neratinib, on May 12, 2020, an expert panel of oncologists and gastroenterologists met virtually to discuss the role of neratinib in the treatment of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer. The panel reviewed the current data on neratinib, including efficacy across settings and diarrhea management strategies. Based on these data and their clinical experience, the panelists developed a set of recommendations to guide selection of patients for neratinib, implement weekly dose escalation at initiation of therapy, and prophylactically manage diarrhea.

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