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Kessler, Andreas; Kapor, Svetlana; Erdelt, Kurt; Hickel, Reinhard; Edelhoff, Daniel; Syrek, Andreas; Güth, Jan-Frederik and Kühnisch, Jan (2021): Two-body wear and fracture behaviour of an experimental paediatric composite crown in comparison to zirconia and stainless steel crowns dependent on the cementation mode. In: Dental Materials, Vol. 37, No. 2: pp. 264-271

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Objectives. The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess the two-body wear and fracture behaviour of an experimental additive manufactured composite crown in comparison to zirconia and stainless steel crowns and its cementation protocol for primary molars. Material and methods. Three different paediatric crowns - experimental composite crowns (CCs, 3M), zirconia crowns (ZCs, NuSmile), and stainless steel crowns (SSCs, 3M)-were cemented with an experimental resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC, 3M) and two self-adhesive cements (SACs;RelyX Unicem Automix 2, 3M;BioCem, NuSmile). Seven groups, each with eight specimens, were thermally cycled (55 degrees C/50 degrees C) and dynamically loaded (50N/ 1.2Hz) in a masticatory simulator with steatite antagonists. The areal and volumetric material loss of all specimens before and after 1,200,000 masticatory cycles was evaluated with a 3D profilometer. Light and scanning electron microscopy were used for qualitative analysis. Pairwise comparisons between all the groups were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test (p < 0.05). Results. Microscopic imaging revealed different wear patterns for each material. Lowest fracture rates were documented for the CCs. In contrast, all the SSCs showed perforations. The CCs cemented with RMGIC showed the highest significant volumetric wear (6.3 +/- 0.72 mm(3)), followed by the SSCs cemented with RMGIC (3.6 +/- 1.79 mm(3)) and CCs cemented with SAC (3.5 +/- 1.92 mm(3)). No significant differences were found in terms of the wear among all the other groups, ranging between 0.4 +/- 0.25 and 0.6 +/- 0.32 mm(3). Conclusion. The volume loss of the tested crowns differed for each material and was dependent on the type of cementation. With regard to in vitro wear and fracture patterns, cementation with SAC may increase the clinical performance of CC paediatric crowns. (c) 2020 The Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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