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Kübler, Matthias; Götz, Philipp; Braumandl, Anna; Beck, Sebastian; Ishikawa-Ankerhold, Hellen and Deindl, Elisabeth (2021): Impact of C57BL/6J and SV-129 Mouse Strain Differences on Ischemia-Induced Postnatal Angiogenesis and the Associated Leukocyte Infiltration in a Murine Hindlimb Model of Ischemia. In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 22, No. 21, 11795

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Strain-related differences in arteriogenesis in inbred mouse strains have already been studied excessively. However, these analyses missed evaluating the mouse strain-related differences in ischemia-induced angiogenic capacities. With the present study, we wanted to shed light on the different angiogenic potentials and the associated leukocyte infiltration of C57BL/6J and SV-129 mice to facilitate the comparison of angiogenesis-related analyses between these strains. For the induction of angiogenesis, we ligated the femoral artery in 8-12-week-old male C57BL/6J and SV-129 mice and performed (immuno-) histological analyses on the ischemic gastrocnemius muscles collected 24 h or 7 days after ligation. As evidenced by hematoxylin and eosin staining, C57BL/6J mice showed reduced tissue damage but displayed an increased capillary-to-muscle fiber ratio and an elevated number of proliferating capillaries (CD31(+)/BrdU(+) cells) compared to SV-129 mice, thus showing improved angiogenesis. Regarding the associated leukocyte infiltration, we found increased numbers of neutrophils (MPO+ cells), NETs (MPO+/CitH3(+)/DAPI(+)), and macrophages (CD68(+) cells) in SV-129 mice, whereas macrophage polarization (MRC1(-) vs. MRC1(+)) and total leukocyte infiltration (CD45(+) cells) did not differ between the mouse strains. In summary, we show increased ischemia-induced angiogenic capacities in C57BL/6J mice compared to SV-129 mice, with the latter showing aggravated tissue damage, inflammation, and impaired angiogenesis.

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