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Kuhnisch, Jan; Standl, Marie; Hickel, Reinhard and Heinrich, Joachim (2021): Molaren-Inzisiven-Hypomineralisation (MIH). Häufigkeit und mögliche Ursachen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Ergebnisse aus den Münchner Geburtskohorten GINIplus und LISA. In: Bundesgesundheitsblatt-Gesundheitsforschung-Gesundheitsschutz, Vol. 64, No. 8: pp. 924-930

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After caries, molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH)-also known as chalky teeth-is one the most common dental diseases in children and adolescents. In addition to aesthetic limitations, especially on the anterior teeth, hypersensitivities and enamel breakdowns on permanent molars are of functional importance. While the MIH prevalence rates range from similar to 10% to similar to 30% and is well described, the situation regarding aetiology is unsatisfactory. Although efforts have been made in the past to clarify the aetiology, no plausible reason is available so far. Aetiology research has to be judged as methodologically challenging, since it should ideally be embedded in prospectively planned birth cohort studies. The aim of this article is to summarize typical clinical characteristics of MIH, epidemiological findings and potential causes with special reference to the earlier published results from the two Munich birth cohort studies GINIplus and LISA.

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