|Tarasov, Alexander (2010): Trade Liberalization and Welfare Inequality: a Demand-Based Approach. Discussion Papers in Economics 2010-26|
There is strong evidence that different income groups consume di¤erent bundles of goods. This evidence suggests that trade liberalization can a¤ect welfare inequality within a country via changes in the relative prices of goods consumed by di¤erent income groups (the price effect). In this paper, I develop a framework that enables us to explore the role of the price effect in determining welfare inequality. There are two core elements in the model. First, I assume that heterogenous in income consumers share identical but nonhomothetic preferences. Secondly, I consider a monopolistic competition environment that leads to variable markups a¤ected by trade and trade costs. I �nd that trade liberalization does affect the prices of different goods differently and, as a result, can bene�fit some income classes more than others. In particular, I show that the relative welfare of the rich with respect to that of the poor has a hump shape as a function of trade costs.
|Item Type:||Paper (Discussion Paper)|
|Keywords:||nonhomothetic preferences, income distribution, monopolistic competition|
Economics > Discussion Papers in Economics
Economics > Discussion Papers in Economics > Economic Policy
|Subjects:||300 Social sciences > 300 Social sciences, sociology and anthropology|
300 Social sciences > 330 Economics
|Deposited On:||30. Apr 2010 21:37|
|Last Modified:||28. Nov 2013 11:14|
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