Schmidbauer, E.; Kunzmann, Th.; Fehr, Th.; Hochleitner, Rupert
Electrical resistivity and 57Fe Mossbauer spectra of Fe-bearing calcic amphiboles.
In: Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 27, No. 5: pp. 347-356
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Electrical resistivity and 57Fe Mossbauer spectra are reported for three calcic amphiboles with different Fe concentrations. AC measurements (20 Hz-1 MHz) were performed, applying impedance spectroscopy between 100 and 785 °C in an N2 gas atmosphere. It was found that up to three semiconducting charge transport processes can be distinguished, which in part changed slightly when several runs were carried out to higher temperatures. The extrapolated DC resistivity is much smaller for an amphibole with high Fe content than for the two with lower Fe concentrations. The derived activation energies are between 0.48 and 1.06 eV. For temperatures ≤600 °C the results are compatible with a charge transport mechanism due to electron hopping between Fe2+ and Fe3+. Above 600 °C, dehydrogenation and/or beginning amphibole decomposition obviously alter the conduction mechanism. From Mossbauer spectra it was established that in all amphibole samples Fe2+ and Fe3+ are simultaneously present. Mossbauer parameters were derived by fitting the observed spectra to models taking the occupation of various M sites into account.