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Brecht, E.; Schmahl, Wolfgang W.; Fuess, H.; Schmenn, S.; Lütgemeier, H.; Andersen, N. H.; Lebech, B.; Wolf, Th. (1997): Neutron diffraction and NQR study of the intermediate turn angle phase formed during AFI to AFII reordering in YBa2Cu3-xAlxO6+δ. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 56, No. 2: pp. 940-948
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The reordering mechanism from the antiferromagnetic phase AFI to the antiferromagnetic phase AFII in an oxygen-deficient YBa2Cu2.94Al0.06O6+δ single crystal with an oxygen content δ=0.18 in the Cu(1) layer has been studied by neutron diffraction and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR). The crystal orders magnetically from the paramagnetic state to the antiferromagnetic AFI state at the Néel temperature TN-403 K with an empirical critical exponent of β=0.26. Reordering to the antiferromagnetic AFII state sets in at T2= 12 K. In both the AFI and AFII phases the ordered magnetic moments on the Cu(2) lattice sites are identical and take a value of <S>Cu(2)≈0.56μB; no ordered moment is found on the Cu(1) lattice sites. From the temperature dependence of the Cu(1) NQR spectrum, the magnetic hyperfine field at Cu(1) sites is found to vary continuously as a function of temperature. This result indicates unequivocally that the AFI↔AFII reordering takes place via a noncollinear intermediate turn angle phase AFI⊕II.