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Kriven, W.M.; Palko, J.W.; Sinogeikin, S.; Bass, J. D.; Sayir, A.; Brunauer, G.; Boysen, Hans; Frey, Friedrich; Schneider, J. (1999): High temperature single crystal properties of mullite. In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 19, No. 13-14: pp. 2529-2541
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Extensive neutron diffraction and Rietveld studies of dense, hot pressed mullite (3Al2O3·2SiO2) have been conducted up to 1650 °C in air, yielding a complete set of lattice parameters and axial thermal expansion coefficients. Unconstrained powders of the same stoichiometric composition were also analyzed by X-ray diffraction and Rietveld techniques up to 900 °C in air, from which lattice parameters and thermal expansion coefficients were obtained. An earlier reported structural discontinuity was confirmed by XRD to lie in the temperature range 425 to 450 °C. Single-crystalline mullite fibers of composition 2·5Al2O3·SiO2 were grown from the melt by a laser-heated, float zone method. A partial set of the single-crystal elastic moduli were determined from various sections of fiber, by Brillouin spectroscopy, from room temperature up to 1400 °C. They indicated a roughly 10\% reduction in stiffness over that temperature range.