|Fonin, M.; Dedkov, Yu. S.; Pentcheva, Rossitza; Rüdiger, U.; Güntherodt, G. (2007): Magnetite: A search for the half-metallic state. In: Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, Vol. 19, No. 31|
We present a detailed study of the spin-dependent electronic structure of thin epitaxial magnetite films of different crystallographic orientations. Using spin-and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy at room temperature, we determine for epitaxial Fe3O4(111) films a maximum spin polarization value of -(80 5)\% near EF. The spin-resolved photoelectron spectra for binding energies between 1.5eV and EF show good agreement with the spin-split band structure from density functional theory (DFT) calculations which predict an overall energy gap in the spin-up electron bands in high symmetry directions, thus providing evidence for the half-metallic ferromagnetic state of Fe3O4 in the  direction. In the case of the Fe3O4(100) surface, both the spin-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy experiments and the DFT density of states give evidence for a half-metal to metal transition: the measured spin polarization of about -(55 10)\% at EF and the theoretical value of -40\% are significantly lower than the -100\% predicted by local spin density approximation (LSDA) calculations for the bulk magnetite crystal as well as the -(80 5)\% obtained for the Fe3O4(111) films. The experimental findings were corroborated by DFT calculations as due to a surface reconstruction leading to the electronic states in the majority-spin band gap and thus to the reduced spin polarization.
|Faculties:||Geosciences > Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences > Crystallography and Materials Science|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 530 Physics|
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences and geology
|Deposited On:||10. Mar 2014 14:16|
|Last Modified:||29. Apr 2016 09:16|