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Kolley, F.; Piraud, M.; McCulloch, I. P.; Schollwöck, Ulrich; Heidrich-Meisner, F. (2015): Strongly interacting bosons on a three-leg ladder in the presence of a homogeneous flux. In: New Journal of Physics, Vol. 17, 092001
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Abstract

We perform a density-matrix renormalization-group study of strongly interacting bosons on a three-leg ladder in the presence of a homogeneous flux. Focusing on one-third filling, we explore the phase diagram in dependence of the magnetic flux and the inter-leg tunneling strength. We find several phases including a Meissner phase, vortex liquids, a vortex lattice, as well as a staggered-current (SC) phase. Moreover, there are regions where the chiral current reverses its direction, both in the Meissner and in the SC phase. While the reversal in the latter case can be ascribed to spontaneous breaking of translational invariance, in the first it stems from an effective flux increase in the rung direction. Interactions are a necessary ingredient to realize either type of chiral-current reversal.