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Tanimoto, Naoyuki; Sothilingam, Vithiyanjali; Kondo, Mineo; Biel, Martin; Humphries, Peter and Seeliger, Mathias W. (2015): Electroretinographic assessment of rod- and cone-mediated bipolar cell pathways using flicker stimuli in mice. In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, 10731 [PDF, 960kB]


Mouse full-field electroretinograms (ERGs) are dominated by responses of photoreceptors and depolarizing (ON-) bipolar cells, but not much of hyperpolarizing (OFF-) bipolar cells under conventional recording conditions. Here we investigate a novel ERG protocol in mice for functional assessment of the major ON-and OFF- bipolar cell pathways using flicker stimuli for a high luminance with varying frequency up to 30 Hz. Wild- type (WT) and functionally specific transgenic mice (Cnga3(-/-),no cone photoreceptor function;rho(-/-),no rod photoreceptor function;mGluR6(-/-),no ON-bipolar cell function) were examined. The Cnga3(-/-) flicker ERG was similar to the WT flicker ERG at very low stimulus frequencies, whereas ERGs were comparable between WT and rho(-/-) mice at 5 Hz and above. Between 5 and 15 Hz, ERGs in mGluR6(-/-) mice differed in configuration and amplitude from those in WT and rho(-/-) mice;in contrast, response amplitudes above 15 Hz were comparable among WT, rho(-/-) and mGluR6(-/-) mice. In summary, we found three frequency ranges with these conditions that are dominated by activity in the rod pathways (below 5 Hz),cone ON-pathway (between 5 and 15 Hz),and cone OFF-pathway (above 15 Hz) that enables a quick overview of the functionality of the major bipolar cell pathways.

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