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Montes de Oca, Rosa Isela Aguilar (2016): The day of the dead: One ritual, new folk costumes, and old identities. In: Folklore-Electronic Journal of Folklore, Nr. 66: S. 95-114
Volltext auf 'Open Access LMU' nicht verfügbar.

Abstract

The article provides an analysis of the role of the folk costumes in the attempts to revitalize an authentic cultural identity within a geographical region and to oppose the effects of external cultural influence. The inhabitants of La Huasteca region in Hidalgo, Mexico, perceive Halloween imported to Mexico through international migration and media in the decade of 1980 as potential threat to the local tradition of the Day of the Dead. The costumes used for the Miss Cempoalxochitl contest, a pageant performed on November 1 and initiated in Tehuetlan in 1989, display important items of the celebration to reinforce the Day of the Dead ritual, to rebuild La Huasteca region and the Huasteco identity, and to create a direct kinship with the Toltecs. This ritual, celebrated once a year to gather the living and their dead relatives, has economic, cultural, and social functions, which are fostered through the Miss Cempoalxochitl beauty pageant.