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He, Dongsheng; Müller, Katharina; Levacic, Ana Krhac; Kos, Petra; Lächelt, Ulrich; Wagner, Ernst (2016): Combinatorial Optimization of Sequence-Defined Oligo(ethanamino)amides for Folate Receptor-Targeted pDNA and siRNA Delivery. In: Bioconjugate Chemistry, Vol. 27, No. 3: pp. 647-659
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Cationic polymers present a versatile platform for the nonviral delivery of therapeutic nucleic acids. In order to achieve effective nucleic acid transfer, polymeric carriers ought to comprise multiple functionalities. Precise chemistries for site-specific placements of the different delivery modules within the carriers present the basis for uncovering structure activity relationships required for further optimization. Here we present the design and systematic evaluation of a library of 42 sequence-defined oligo(ethanamino)amides generated by solid-phase assisted syntheses. The carriers contained two- or four-arm topologies of different artificial oligoamino acid domains for nucleic acid complexation, terminated by cysteines for disulfide-triggered polyplex stabilization, linked with monodisperse polyethylene glycol (PEG) for surface shielding and terminal folic acid for receptor specific cellular uptake. Additional functional elements included histidines for endosomal escape and/or tyrosine trimers for enhanced hydrophobic polyplex stabilization. In vitro screening of the oligomer library identified a folate-PEG-linked two-arm oligocation structure comprising histidines and tyrosine trimers as the most effective class of carriers for the delivery of pDNA and siRNA.