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Petrera, Marilena; Wein, Thomas; Allmendinger, Lars; Sindelar, Miriam; Pabel, Jörg; Höfner, Georg; Wanner, Klaus T. (2016): Development of Highly Potent GAT1 Inhibitors: Synthesis of Nipecotic Acid Derivatives by Suzuki-Miyaura Cross-Coupling Reactions. In: ChemMedChem, Vol. 11, No. 5: pp. 519-538
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A new series of potent and selective mGAT1 inhibitors has been identified, featuring a nipecotic acid residue and an N-butenyl linker with a 2-biphenyl residue at the -position. Docking, combined with MD calculations, revealed a binding mode for the new compounds similar to that of tiagabine, the only mGAT1 inhibitor currently approved as antiepileptic drug. For the synthesis, a Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction was used as a key step by which variously substituted biaryl subunits were assembled. Biological evaluation revealed several compounds that possess binding affinities and inhibitory potencies toward mGAT1, together with subtype selectivities against mGAT2-mGAT4 that were similar to or even higher than those for tiagabine. A derivative carrying the 2,4-dichloro-2-biphenyl moiety attached to N-but-3-enylnipecotic acid at the terminal position of the linker chain was found to be the most potent binder, with the racemic form of the compound displaying a binding affinity of 8.05 +/- 0.13 (pK(i)), while the Renantiomer exhibited an affinity value of 8.33 +/- 0.06 (pK(i)).