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Nicolosi, Riccardo (2017): Prestupnyj tip, Lombroso i russkaja literatura. Narrativnye modeli izobraženija vroždennoj prestupnosti i atavizma v Rossijskoj imperii 1880-1900 godov. In: Novoe Literaturnoe Obozrenie, No. 144: pp. 360-382
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Abstract

The article addresses the narrative potential of Lombroso's theory of atavism and inborn criminality in the context of the theory of degeneration and the forms of its realization in late nineteenth-century Russian literature. The striking coincidences between science and literature in the sphere of criminal anthropology and the discourse on degeneration allow us to examine narration as an "epistemological bridge" between scientific and literary discourses. Using one of P. Kovalevsky's forensic psychiatric analyses, Nicolosi demonstrates that the concept of degeneration is unthinkable in isolation from narrative strategy. In Russian literature, Nicolosi highlights three narrative models: the extra-criminal-anthropological, anti criminal-anthropological (A. Svirsky, L. Tolstoy) and crypto-criminal-anthropological (V. Gilyarovsky, F. Dostoyevsky);the latter two, are analyzed in separate parts of the article.