Logo Logo
Switch Language to German
Dan, Roberto; Herles, Michael (2017): From the Gate of Haldi to the 'Module' : A Study of the Urartian Architectural 'Module' and the Oshakan Fortress. In: Akkadica, Vol. 138, No. 2: pp. 107-152
Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.


This article is concerned with a number of architectural structures that have been discovered over the years in some of the archaeological sites of the Kingdom of Urartu. These structures, which are analysed in detail, are distinguished by the fact that their plans suggest that they were designed using a specific architectural module. This unit appears to be shaped like their main place of worship, the susi temple, literally 'tower temple', which was square with four corner buttresses. The main goal of this text is to try to understand, on the basis of the archaeological data available, if there is evidence that an architectural 'module' really existed in Urartian culture, and try to define the period of use of this distinctive feature. In order to fully explore the question of the 'module', and its possible origin, much space has been dedicated to examining the birth and development of the Urartian religious building, the susi temple. A special focus has also been devoted to the analysis of Oshakan, a site that has been the subject of recent investigations, where a peculiar buttress-interpreted as a possible susi temple-has been found.