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Moritz, Wolfgang; Wolf, D. (1970): Züchtung von orientierten lithiumflourid-einkristallen aus der dampfphase. In: Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 7, No. 2: pp. 227-230


A high vacuum oven was constructed to grow LiF single crystals from the vapor phase by the vertical pulling method. Using a special crucible top it is possible to grow oriented single crystals of 23 mm diameter and 70 mm length. At a temperature of about 150 °C above the melting point the maximum pulling rate was found to be 8 mm/h. The purification effect of the sublimation was investigated for Na+-, K+-, Ca++-ions and it was found that the concentration of these impurities is of the order of 10-6, except for sodium for which the purification is much less effective.