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Beyer, Leonie; Meyer-Wilmes, Johanna; Schönecker, Sonja; Schnabel, Jonas; Brendel, Eva; Prix, Catharina; Nübling, Georg; Unterrainer, Marcus; Albert, Nathalie L.; Pogarell, Oliver; Pemeczky, Robert; Catak, Cihan; Bürger, Katharina; Bartenstein, Peter; Bötzel, Kai; Levin, Johannes; Rominger, Axel; Brendel, Matthias (2018): Clinical Routine MGPET Imaging of Suspected Progressive Supranuclear Palsy and Corticobasal Degeneration: A Gatekeeper for Subsequent TauPET Imaging? In: Frontiers in Neurology, Vol. 9, 483
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Abstract

Background: F-18-fluordeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is widely used for discriminative diagnosis of tau-positive atypical parkinsonian syndromes (T+APS). This approach now stands to be augmented with more specific tau tracers. Therefore, we retrospectively analyzed a large clinical routine dataset of FDG-PET images for evaluation of the strengths and limitations of stand-alone FDG-PET Methods: A total of 117 patients (age 68.4 +/- 11.1 y) underwent an FDG-PET exam. Patients were followed clinically for a minimum of one year and their final clinical diagnosis was recorded. FDG-PET was rated visually (positive/negative) and categorized as high, moderate or low likelihood of T+APS and other neurodegenerative disorders. We then calculated positive and negative predictive values (PPV/NPV) of FDG-PET readings for the different subgroups relative to their final clinical diagnosis. Results: Suspected diagnoses were confirmed by clinical follow-up (>= 1 y) for 62 out of 117 (53%) patients. PPV was excellent when FDG-PET indicated a high likelihood of T+APS in combination with low to moderate likelihood of another neurodegenerative disorder. PPV was distinctly lower when FDG-PET indicated only a moderate likelihood of T+APS or when there was deemed equal likelihood of other neurodegenerative disorder. NPV of FDG-PET with a low likelihood for T+APS was high. Conclusions: FDG-PET has high value in clinical routine evaluation of suspected T+APS, gaining satisfactory differential diagnosis in two thirds of the patients. One third of patients would potentially profit from further evaluation by more specific radioligands, with FDG-PET serving gatekeeper function for the more expensive methods.