Hall, E. J.; Rossi, H. H.; Kellerer, Albrecht M.; Goodman, L. J.; Marino, S.
Radiobiological studies with monoenergetic neutrons.
In: Radiation Research, Vol. 54, No. 3: pp. 431-443
The Radiological Research Accelerator Facility (RARAF) has the capability of
producing essentially monoenergetic neutron beams, ranging in energy from 16.4 MeV
down to 220 keV. In addition, two lower energy neutron beams are available which
consist of a wide spectrum of energies and are described as the 110 keV and 60 keV
spectra. Seedlings of Vicia faba have been used to measure the oxygen enhancement
ratio (OER) and the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of each of these neutron
beams. The OER decreases as the neutron energy is reduced between 15.4 MeV and
220 keV, but does not appear to decrease further for lower energy neutrons. RBE increases
as the neutron energy is reduced from 15.4 AleV to 440 keV; the curve then
goes through a maximum at around 350 keV, and for lower energies the RBE falls again.