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Eßlinger, Eva (2018): Heimkehr eines Kriegsveteranen. Einleitende Überlegungen zu Homers Odyssee. In: Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte, Vol. 92, No. 2: pp. 127-161
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Abstract

Wolfgang Schadewaldt's synopsis of the Homeric epos, published 1946 in a Taschenbuch fur junge Menschen, presents Ulysses to the homecoming soldiers of World War II as a fortunate hero for whom a faithful woman is patiently waiting. Schadewaldt ignores, however, the fact that even after Ulysses' return and the slaying of Penelope's suitors, he continues to perpetrate violent acts. Namely, he threatens the murdered suitors' families with death, as is recounted in the 24th song of Homer's text. The essay takes Schadewaldt's reading as a cause to analyze Ulysses as a violent actor who is unable to get out of combat mode even in an incipient era of peace. The essay discusses current research into war traumatization in contrast to the heroization of the warrior and the concept of menos in Greek antiquity.