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Thoms, Matthias; Mitterer, Valentin; Kater, Lukas; Falquet, Laurent; Beckmann, Roland; Kressler, Dieter; Hurt, Ed (2018): Suppressor mutations in Rpf2-Rrs1 or Rpl5 bypass the Cgr1 function for pre-ribosomal 5S RNP-rotation. In: Nature Communications, Vol. 9, 4094
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During eukaryotic 60S biogenesis, the 5S RNP requires a large rotational movement to achieve its mature position. Cryo-EM of the Rix1-Rea1 pre-60S particle has revealed the post-rotation stage, in which a gently undulating a-helix corresponding to Cgr1 becomes wedged between Rsa4 and the relocated 5S RNP, but the purpose of this insertion was unknown. Here, we show that cgr1 deletion in yeast causes a slow-growth phenotype and reversion of the pre-60S particle to the pre-rotation stage. However, spontaneous extragenic suppressors could be isolated, which restore growth and pre-60S biogenesis in the absence of Cgr1. Whole-genome sequencing reveals that the suppressor mutations map in the Rpf2-Rrs1 module and Rpl5, which together stabilize the unrotated stage of the 5S RNP. Thus, mutations in factors stabilizing the pre-rotation stage facilitate 5S RNP relocation upon deletion of Cgr1, but Cgr1 itself could stabilize the post-rotation stage.