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Yordanova, Yordanka; Vanderlinden, Willem; Stoll, Raphael; Rüdiger, Daniel; Tosstorff, Andreas; Zaremba, Wolfgang; Winter, Gerhard; Zahler, Stefan; Friess, Wolfgang (2018): Zn2+-triggered self-assembly of Gonadorelin [6-D-Phe] to produce nanostructures and fibrils. In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, 11280
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A synthetic derivative, GnRH [6-D-Phe], stable against enzymatic degradation, self-assembles and forms nanostructures and fibrils upon a pH shift in the presence of different concentrations of Zn2+ in vitro. Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) revealed the existence of higher order assembly of Zn2+: GnRH [6-D-Phe]. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy (NMR) indicated a weak interaction between Zn2+ and GnRH [6-D-Phe]. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) showed the existence of GnRH [6-D-Phe] oligomers and fibrils. Molecular Dynamic (MD) simulation of the 10: 1 Zn2+: GnRH [6-D-Phe] explored the interaction and dimerization processes. In contrast to already existing short peptide fibrils, GnRH [6-D-Phe] nanostructures and fibrils form in a Tris-buffered pH environment in a controlled manner through a temperature reduction and a pH shift. The lyophilized Zn2+: GnRH [6-D-Phe] assembly was tested as a platform for the sustained delivery of GnRH [6-D-Phe] and incorporated into two different oil vehicle matrices. The in vitro release was slow and continuous over 14 days and not influenced by the oil matrix.