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Liess, Kathrin (2018): Die »kleine Biblia«. Luthers Psalmenauslegungen und die neuere Psalmen- und Psalterexegese. In: Evangelische Theologie, Vol. 78, No. 5: pp. 389-400
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This contribution sketches developments in Luther’s interpretation of Scripture with a special focus on his lectures on the Psalms. In Luther’s second series of Psalm lectures, the christological interpretation takes a backseat, and the gradual abandonment of the fourfold sense of scripture clears the path toward attention to the literal meaning of the Hebrew text and philology. Influenced by humanist methods, innovations in the Protestant understanding of Scripture, are of remaining relevance for modern exegesis, which has refined and supplemented the instruments for the analysis of the literal sense of Scripture since the beginnings of historical critical method. Modern psalm exegesis does not only interpret single psalms, but explores also their location within the Book of Psalms (Psalms as a biblical book). Already Luther occasionally considered the order of the psalms. The fact that he perceived Psalms as a book is also manifest in his 1528 Introduction to the Psalms (Psaltervorrede), which is still highly significant for modern research on the anthropology of the psalms.