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Potthast, Daniel (2019): Zur Diplomatik mamlūkischer Verwaltungsdokumente. In: Islam-Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Kultur Des Islamischen Orients, Vol. 96, No. 2: pp. 404-448
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Abstract

Mamluk chanceries followed elaborated specifications in writing official documents. Chancery manuals define these specifications, but it is often difficult to correlate their data to preserved original documents. Even an extensive works as al-Qalqashandi's Subh al-a'sha lacks a consistent typology of chancery products that corresponds to preserved examples. This paper analyses all edited Mamluk official documents decrees, letters, reports, treaties, etc. and tries to arrange them in a typology based on hierarchical relation between the document's issuer and its recipient. For types, a model for their formularies and information on its paper's measurements and layout are given. Despite the apparent uniformity of Mamluk documents, we can show continuous developments in chancery practice, until the scribes established at the end of the 14th century fixed formularies that stayed in use until the Ottoman conquest.