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Hoffmann, Eugenia; Jordan, Gregor; Lauer, Matthias; Ringler, Philippe; Kusznir, Eric A.; Rufer, Arne C.; Huber, Sylwia; Jochner, Anton; Winter, Gerhard; Staack, Roland F. (2019): Generation, Characterization, and Quantitative Bioanalysis of Drug/Anti-drug Antibody Immune Complexes to Facilitate Dedicated In Vivo Studies. In: Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 36, No. 9, UNSP 129
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Purpose Immunogenicity against biotherapeutics can lead to the formation of drug/anti-drug-antibody (ADA) immune complexes (ICs) with potential impact on safety and drug pharmacokinetics (PK). This work aimed to generate defined drug/ADA ICs, characterized by quantitative (bio) analytical methods for dedicated determination of IC sizes and IC profile changes in serum to facilitate future in vivo studies. Methods Defined ICs were generated and extensively characterized with chromatographic, biophysical and imaging methods. Quantification of drug fully complexed with ADAs (drug in ICs) was performed with an acid dissociation ELISA. Sequential coupling of SEC and ELISA enabled the reconstruction of IC patterns and thus analysis of IC species in serum. Results Characterization of generated ICs identified cyclic dimers, tetramers, hexamers, and larger ICs of drug and ADA as main IC species. The developed acid dissociation ELISA enabled a total quantification of drug fully complexed with ADAs. Multiplexing of SEC and ELISA allowed unbiased reconstruction of IC oligomeric states in serum. Conclusions The developed in vitro IC model system has been properly characterized by biophysical and bioanalytical methods. The specificity of the developed methods enable discrimination between different oligomeric states of ICs and can be bench marking for future in vivo studies with ICs.