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Hauck, Marion Christina (2019): Dynamis eis Soterian Investigating the Semantic Background of a New Testament Syntagma. In: Novum Testamentum, Vol. 61, No. 3: pp. 227-252
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Abstract

This study shows that the syntagma delta upsilon nu alpha mu i zeta epsilon i zeta sigma omega tau eta rho i alpha upsilon was widely used in ancient Greek literature of the Classical, Hellenistic, and Greco- Roman periods. A semantic context analysis reveals that "danger" is the common intersection of all contexts in which the syntagma delta upsilon nu alpha mu i zeta epsilon i zeta sigma omega tau eta rho i alpha upsilon occurs. In a modified way it also appears in texts of the New Testament ( Rom 1: 16;1 Pet 1: 5): By using delta upsilon nu alpha mu i zeta (theta epsilon o) epsilon i zeta sigma omega tau eta rho i alpha upsilon in a context focused on danger, Paul ( as well as the author of 1 Peter) indicates that his use of the syntagma is consistent with the pagan, non- biblical use of delta upsilon nu alpha mu i zeta epsilon i zeta sigma omega tau eta rho i alpha upsilon.