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Schneeweiß, Hans and Komlos, John (16. December 2008): Probabilistic Rounding and Sheppard's Correction. Department of Statistics: Technical Reports, No.45 [PDF, 381kB]


When rounded data are used in place of the true values to compute the variance of a variable or a regression line, the results will be distorted. Under suitable smoothness conditions on the distribution of the variable(s) involved, this bias, however, can be corrected with very high precision by using the well-known Sheppard’s correction. In this paper, Sheppard’s correction is generalized to cover more general forms of rounding procedures than just simple rounding, viz., probabilistic rounding, which includes asymmetric rounding and mixture rounding.

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