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Hartinger, Daniel; Zorn, Magdalena (2020): Positiv – Negativ. Zu einem Strukturprinzip musikalischer und bildnerischer Kunst nach 1950. In: Archiv für Musikwissenschaft, Vol. 76, No. 4: pp. 315-334
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The motif "positive - negative" is virtually constitutive for musical and visual post-war art that took shape after 1950 within Europe and America and is exemplified here on the basis of compositions by Stockhausen, Cage, and Feldman, and for visual art by the artistic movement ZERO. Within the philosophical and aesthetic discussions surrounding such works, the defining common thread centered on what was missing, on what was not there. While silence primarily functions as the negative in music after 1950, the space that surrounds a tangible object, while also being the sole condition for its embodiment, serves this function for ZERO art. Thus, instances of nothingness itself become integral parts of these works of art.