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Ptak, Roderich (2020): CHINESE NAVIGATION NEAR THE COAST OF CENTRAL GUANGDONG Nantingshan and Nantingmen in Ming Times. In: Monumenta Serica-Journal of Oriental Studies, Vol. 68, No. 2: pp. 339-367
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Maps, nautical accounts and geographical works of the Ming period often refer to Nantingshan (sic)) and Nantingmen (sic). Both locations were key sites for Chinese navigation. While it is possible to identify the first site with modern Da Wanshandao (sic), an island in the Wanshan liedao (sic), the identification of Nantingmen remains difficult. The present article examines diverse references to both places, trying to explain why they were important and how we should deal with them. This makes it necessary to also consider other nearby islands and spaces, and to discuss certain commercial, administrative and cultural aspects. Portuguese sources provide additional data, but the navigational priorities of the Portuguese were different from those of their Ming counterparts, which is addressed in the final part of this study.