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Gabriel, Jeurgen; Höfner, Georg; Wanner, Klaus T. (2020): Combination of MS Binding Assays and affinity selection mass spectrometry for screening of structurally homogenous libraries as exemplified for a focused oxime library addressing the neuronal GABA transporter 1. In: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 206, 112598
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Abstract

This study presents an efficient screening approach based on combination of mass spectrometry (MS) based binding assays (MS Binding Assays) and affinity selection mass spectrometry (ASMS) customized for screening of structurally homogeneous libraries sharing a common mass spectrometric fragmentation pattern. After reaction of a nipecotic acid derivative possessing a hydroxylamine functionality with aldehydes, the resulting oxime library was screened accordingly toward the GABA transporter subtype 1 (GAT1), a drug target for several neurological disorders. After assessing sublibraries' activities for inhibition of reporter ligand binding, hits in active ones were directly identified. This could be achieved by recording mass transitions for the reporter ligand as well as those predicted for the library components in a single LC-MS/MS run with a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer in the multiple reaction monitoring mode. Identification of hits with a predefined affinity could be reliably accomplished by calculation of IC50 -values from specific binding concentrations of library constituents and reporter ligand. Application of this strategy revealed six hits, from which two of them were resynthesized for further biological evaluation. Thereby, the best one displayed a pK(i) of 7.38 in MS Binding Assays and a plC(50) of 6.82 in [H-3]GABA uptake assays for GAT1. (C) 2020 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.