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Witetschek, Stephan (2021): Wie kommt Nero ins Petrus-Martyrium? Das letzte Kapitel der Petrusakten im Kontext christlicher und römischer Nero-Erinnerung. In: Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der Älteren Kirche, Vol. 112, No. 2: pp. 218-237

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It is only at the very end of the Acts of Peter (MartPetr 12/ActPetr 41) that emperor Nero enters the stage of Peter's martyrdom. However, Nero is too late, the martyrdom went perfectly without him. This article offers an understanding of this odd afterthought on Nero in the context of Christian and Roman discourses on the memory of Nero, the malus princeps who soon came to be remembered as the first persecutor of Christians. It seems that early Christian apologists could capitalize on the memory of oppressive measures under Nero, thus putting their movement on equal footing with the Roman elite who had already cultivated a sinister memory of Nero as tyrant.

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