Lorch, Richard (2001): Greek-Arabic-Latin: The transmission of mathematical texts in the Middle Ages. In: Science in Context, Vol. 14, Nr. 1/2: S. 313-331




During the Middle Ages many Greek mathematical and astronomical texts were translated from Greek into Arabic (ca. ninth century) and from Arabic into Latin (ca. twelfth century). There were many factors complicating the study of them, such as translation from or into other languages, redactions, multiple translations, and independently transmitted scholia. A literal translation risks less in loss of meaning, but can be clumsy. This article includes lists of translations and a large bibliography, divided into sections.