Heller, Kurt A.
The Nature and Development of Giftedness. A Longitudinal Study.
In: European journal for high ability, Vol. 2: S. 174-188
Following a short discussion of conceptual and theoretical
problems of giftedness, the methodological foundations and selected
results of a (presently) four year longitudinal study are presented. This
study is based on a multidimensional concept of giftedness: intelligence,
creativity, social competence, musical ability, psychomotor ability (or
practical intelligence). Both academic achievements and leisure
activities, as well as cognitive and motivational personality factors and
school and family socialisation conditions relevant to giftedness, were
studied. During the second project phase developmental aspects and
achievement analyses of gifted and normal students aged 6 to 18 years
were the central aspects of the study. Finally, methodological problems
in the identification of gifted children and adolescents as well as
consequences for the nurturing of giftedness are discussed.