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Hanitzsch, Thomas ORCID: 0000-0002-7104-6300; Hanusch, Folker; Lauerer, Corinna (2016): Setting the agenda, influencing public opinion, and advocating for social change. Determinants of journalistic interventionism in 21 countries. In: Journalism Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1: pp. 1-20
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Abstract

This study seeks to contribute to the systematic explanation of journalists' professional role orientations. Focusing on three aspects of journalistic interventionismthe importance of setting the political agenda, influencing public opinion, and advocating for social changemultilevel analyses found substantive variation in interventionism at the individual level of the journalist, the level of the media organizations, and the societal level. Based on interviews with 2100 journalists from 21 countries, findings affirm theories regarding a hierarchy of influences in news work. We found journalists to be more willing to intervene in society when they work in public media organizations and in countries with restricted political freedom. An important conclusion of our analysis is that journalists' professional role orientations are also rooted within perceptions of cultural and social values. Journalists were more likely to embrace an interventionist role when they were more strongly motivated by the value types of power, achievement, and tradition.