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Brüggemann, Michael; Keel, Guido; Hanitzsch, Thomas ORCID: 0000-0002-7104-6300; Götzenbrucker, Gerit; Schacht, Laura (2017): Diverging worlds of foreign correspondence: The changing working conditions of correspondents in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. In: Journalism, Vol. 18, No. 5: pp. 539-557
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Abstract

Foreign correspondents seem to have become an endangered species. They are said to be increasingly substituted by new forms of foreign correspondence. These claims are often raised by researchers studying foreign correspondence to and from the United States and the United Kingdom. We test whether assumptions about the demise and substitution of the traditional foreign correspondent also apply beyond these contexts. Particularly, the study seeks to explore the differences in the working conditions of various kinds of foreign correspondents. Based on 211 responses gathered through an online survey of a carefully reconstructed population of 721 journalists, it describes the profile and working conditions of foreign correspondents in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. It finds that the traditional correspondent - a professional journalist working full-time for legacy media - may be more resistant to change than expected. In the perception of correspondents, there is not much substitution through parachutes, locals, amateurs, or reporting from the headquarters. Working conditions are not worsening for everyone. Rather, we find diverging worlds of foreign correspondence depending on the media type, the country of origin, and the kind of job contract journalists have.