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Scherr, Sebastian; Mares, Marie-Louise; Bartsch, Anne; Götz, Maya (2018): On the relevance of parents and TV as socializers of 6-19 year-olds' expressions of emotion: representative data from Germany. In: Journal of Children and Media, Vol. 12, No. 1: pp. 33-50
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This study examines joint influences of parental socialization and socialization via mass media on children's expression of emotions. The effect of parental approval of their child's expression of emotions, on the child's approval of TV characters expressing the emotion, and the influence of both on the child's expression of emotions within the past seven days is tested for the emotions fear, sadness, anger, and happiness with a representative survey of children (N = 1458) aged 6-19 in Germany. Moderating age and gender effects were also considered. Consistent across the four emotions, results showed that socialization of emotions via mass media is driven by internalized parental socialization but has a comparably strong effect of its own on the child's expression of emotion that adds to the variance explained, especially with regard to anger and happiness. Implications for the conceptualization of parental emotion socialization and emotional socialization via media are discussed.