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Kuonath, Angela; Specht, Julia; Kühnel, Jana; Pachler, Daniela; Frey, Dieter (2017): Keeping up day-specific effects of transformational leadership: the role of followers' emotion regulation. In: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 26, No. 6: pp. 828-843
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Abstract

This diary study examines the role of day-specific transformational leadership for followers' personal initiative. Building on Affective Events Theory, we proposed a direct effect of day-specific transformational leadership on followers' personal initiative on the same day. Furthermore, we took a closer look at lagged effects of day-specific transformational leadership. More specifically, we hypothesized that positive effects of one day's transformational leadership can endure until the next day for followers who apply beneficial emotion regulation strategies. We conducted a diary study over five consecutive working days among 97 employees. Two-level hierarchical linear modelling supported our hypotheses. As expected, day-specific transformational leadership positively predicted followers' personal initiative on the same day. Furthermore, concerning the association between day-specific transformational leadership and followers' personal initiative on the following day, there was a positive relation for followers applying beneficial emotion regulation strategies in terms of high cognitive reappraisal and low expressive suppression, respectively.