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Al-Amin, Mamun; Zinchenko, Artyom; Geyer, Thomas (2018): Hippocampal subfield volume changes in subtypes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. In: Brain Research, Vol. 1685: pp. 1-8
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Abstract

Objective: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is accompanied by reduction of total hippocampal volume. However, disorder-related fine-grained structural alterations of hippocampal subfields remain unclear. Method: Here we compared hippocampal subfield volumes in a large sample of patients with ADHD and healthy controls. We used T1-weighted structural 3-Tesla MRI images of 880 individuals (7-21 years old) from the ADHD-200 database. The images were acquired from 553 healthy individuals and 327 children and adolescents with combined (N = 196) and inattentive (N = 131) ADHD subtypes. Hippocampal sub fields were segmented into the cornu amonis regions (CA1, CA2/3, CA4), fimbria, hippocampal fissure, presubiculum, subiculum, hippocampal tail, parasubiculum, granule cell layers of the dentate gyrus, molecular layer within the subiculum and the CA fields, and the hippocampal-amygdala transition area using an automatic algorithm available in Freesurfer 6.0. Results: We found a significant reduction of total hippocampal volume in the combined ADHD group compared to healthy controls. This reduction was due to the atrophy of CA1, CA4, molecular layer, granule cell layers of the dentate gyrus, presubiculum, subiculum, and hippocampal tail. These differences were exclusively driven by the corresponding brain volume reduction in the combined ADHD-subtype, while hippocampal volumes in inattentive ADHD showed no reliable differences relative to controls. Finally, there were negative correlations between the reduced hippocampal subfields and behavioral ADHD indices. Conclusion: The present results point to a clear dissociation between inattentive and combined subtypes of ADHD. Therefore, hippocampal subfields may contribute towards understanding the pathophysiology of ADHD.