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Paulus, Markus; Noeth, Antonia; Wörle, Monika (2018): Preschoolers' resource allocations align with their normative judgments. In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Vol. 175: pp. 117-126
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Recent research showed that preschool children hold normative views on how to distribute resources fairly and enforce these fairness norms even from third parties. The current study examined whether 3- to 6-year-old preschool children's resource allocation behavior aligns with their normative stances. To this end, children were presented with protagonists who either distributed resources equally between a poor recipient and a rich recipient or gave more to the poor recipient. In addition, children's own resource distribution behavior toward a rich and poor other was assessed. Results showed that the more children protested against the protagonist distributing resources equally, and the more they affirmed the protagonist giving more to the poor, the more resources they themselves allocated to a poor other. These findings point to a relation between moral evaluation and behavior during the preschool years.