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Schwabe, Johannes; Gollwitzer, Mario ORCID: 0000-0003-4310-4793 (2021): Explaining third-party reactions in interpersonal conflicts. A role-taking approach. In: Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, Vol. 24, No. 6: pp. 902-920
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Abstract

When people witness conflicts in their group, they can react in one of the following ways: (a) support one of the involved parties, (b) reconcile the conflict, (c) escalate the conflict, or (d) remain neutral and passive. These reactions can be conceptualized as social roles. Building on the assumption that role-taking in conflicts is intricately intertwined with the moral self-concept, the present research aims at testing three empirical hypotheses. First, taking a moral role is predicted by individual differences in the general relevance of a moral self-concept. Second, taking a moral role increases the situational moral self-concept. Third, the more relevant the general moral self-concept for an actor, the higher the situational moral self-concept increase after moral role-taking. Results from three studies using both experimental and correlational designs (N = 961) support these hypotheses.