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Gollwitzer, Mario ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4310-4793 (2017): Groups. In: Zeigler-Hill, Virgil and Shackelford, Todd K. (eds.) : Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Cham: Springer. pp. 1-4

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A “group” exists whenever two or more individuals perceive themselves as belonging to a social category that defines these individuals’ identity. The extent to which individuals identify with groups to which they belong varies as a function of the respective group and its features (e.g., its social status) and the social context but also as a function of the individual. Among the different aspects of identification, deference – which describes individuals’ adherence to group norms and their submission to group authorities – is relatively stable across group contexts. [...]

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