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Tsalas, Nike R. H.; Müller, Barbara C. N.; Meinhardt, Jörg; Proust, Joëlle; Paulus, Markus ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0446-4956 and Sodian, Beate ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1844-5908 (15. September 2018): An ERP study on metacognitive monitoring processes in children. In: Brain Research, Vol. 1695: pp. 84-90

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Little is known about what exactly differentiates metacognitive processes from ordinary cognitive processes particularly early in development, and the underlying developmental aspects. To examine the time-course of metacognition, the present study investigated the neural underpinnings of judgments of learning (JoLs) and compared them with control judgments, using an event-related potentials (ERP) design. During ERP recording, children age seven to eight were presented with cue-target picture pairs and instructed to learn these pairs. After each pair, they either had to make a JoL (assess the likelihood of remembering the target when only presented with the cue) or a colour judgment (indicate whether the colour yellow had been present in one of the two pictures presented earlier). Results revealed a late slow wave divergence maximal pronounced from 550 ms to 950 ms post-stimulus that distinguished between JOLs and colour judgments. Over centro-parietal areas, JoLs showed a more negative going slow wave compared to the colour judgments, and this pattern was independent of performance. The results are in support of theories that assume a distinction between metacognitive and cognitive processes.

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