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Chernikova, Olga ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0112-3665; Heitzmann, Nicole ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5032-8379; Fink, Maximilian C. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4269-4157; Timothy, Venance; Seidel, Tina ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2578-1208; Fischer, Frank ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0253-659X and COSIMA, DFG Research group (3. July 2020): Facilitating Diagnostic Competences in Higher Education---a Meta-Analysis in Medical and Teacher Education. In: Educational Psychology Review, Vol. 32, No. 1: pp. 157-196 [PDF, 869kB]


Facilitating diagnostic competences is an important objective of higher education for many professions. This meta-analysis of 35 empirical studies builds on a conceptual framework and investigates the role of problem-solving, scaffolding, and context to foster diagnostic competences in learners with lower and higher professional knowledge bases. A moderator analysis investigates which type of scaffolding is effective for different levels of learners’ knowledge bases, as well as the role of the diagnostic context. Instructional support has a moderate positive effect (g = .39; CI [.22; .56]; p = .001). Diagnostic competences are facilitated effectively through problem-solving independent of the learners’ knowledge base. Scaffolding types providing high levels of guidance are more effective for less advanced learners, whereas scaffolding types relying on high levels of self-regulation are more effective for advanced learners.

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