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Sailer, Michael ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6831-5429; Schultz-Pernice, Florian ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4557-5484 and Fischer, Frank ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0253-659X (August 2021): Contextual facilitators for learning activities involving technology in higher education. The C♭-model. In: Computer in Human Behavior, Vol. 121, 106794 [PDF, 1MB]


We propose a model of contextual facilitators for learning activities involving technology (in short: C♭-model) for both on-site and distance learning environments in higher education. The C♭-model aims at systematizing research on digital teaching and learning and offers a roadmap for future research to understand the complex dynamic of factors that lead to successful digital teaching and learning in higher education via suitable learning activities. First, we introduce students' learning outcomes as central benchmarks of teaching and learning with digital technologies in higher education. Second, we want to focus on a major proximal factor for students' learning outcomes and thus apply a learning activities perspective. Learning activities involving digital technologies reflect cognitive processes of students when using digital technologies and are causally connected with students' learning outcomes. Third, we highlight several contextual facilitators for learning activities involving technology in the C♭-model: learning opportunities that result from higher education teachers' instructional use of technology and students' self-arranged learning opportunities involving digital technologies. Apart from these proximal facilitators, we include more distal factors, namely, higher education teachers' knowledge, skills, and attitudes toward digital technology; higher education teachers' qualification; students' and teachers’ digital technology equipment; and institutional, organizational, and administrative factors.

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